Der Leibniz-Forschungsverbund Wert der Vergangenheit vergibt jährlich Stipendien für herausragende internationale Forscher*innen und Early Career Researcher.
Leibniz-Cambridge Museum & Collection Fellowships 2023
Home institution: Faculty of History, University of Cambridge
Institute: Bergbaumuseum, Bochum
Amelia Hutchinson is a doctoral researcher and Harding Distinguished Postgraduate scholar at the University of Cambridge. She is currently writing her thesis on therapeutic and sensory experiences of matter in the kunstkammer. Amelia has received a BA in History and an MPhil in Early Modern History from Trinity College, Cambridge. Her doctoral work, focussing on the relationship between materiality and experiences of the body, extends the themes of her master’s thesis: Skin, Materials and Medicine in Northern Renaissance Artwork. She convenes the Cambridge Material Culture Workshop, promoting interdisciplinary research regarding early modern materiality.
Early modern mining practices were heavily dependent on an inextricable relationship between body and matter: or, put differently, micro- and macrocosm. They relied upon the body as a mode of identification, using sensory processes and experiences to gauge important technical information. This project will explore the rich collections of the Bergbaumuseum – underutilised in terms of their early modern holdings – to consider the ways in which various groups of early modern actors saw diversity and harmony as central markers of a healthy natural environment, and to what extent they drew connections between the internal body, internal bowels of the earth, and the external natural landscape. The Bergbaumuseum holdings include many evocative sources, including allegorical paintings, depictions of St. Barbara (patron saint of miners), technical instruments, mining coins and medals, and alchemical books, spanning the period c.1700-1800. Despite the museum’s holdings overwhelmingly focusing on the post-industrial period, by examining this material we can begin to consider the historicity of productive landscapes. Crucially, it will investigate whether landscapes could be built and rebuilt through human action or divine intervention. At a time when the natural landscape, and the indelible impact of human technologies and activity, is a foremost consideration, such research is fundamental, reflecting on the historical roots of environmental and climatic trauma, and the long history of human engagement with and concern for the productive landscape.
Home Institution: Herder Institute for Historical Research on East Central Europe (Marburg)
Institute: Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology & The Fitzwilliam Museum (Cambridge)
Tabitha Redepenning, a doctoral researcher and research assistant at the map collection of the Herder Institute, investigates "Urban Authenticity in Szczecin" for her thesis. With a background in Book Science, German Studies (B.A.), and European Studies (M.A.), her interdisciplinary work explores the visual representation of urban spaces and its impact on public discourse about cultural heritage and city landmarks. Focusing on Szczecin's unique position on the German-Polish border, Baltic Sea access, and the effects of World War II destruction and the Polish border shift westwards, Tabitha analyses urban structures through narratives such as touristic trails, exhibitions, guidebooks, and postcards, drawing from post-war discussions on building de- or reconstruction. She emphasises local actors' perspectives in shaping the city's image.
A key player in this context is the National Museum in Szczecin. Tabitha examines its exhibitions, which have portrayed the city as the "Gateway to the Baltic Sea" (Tor zur Ostsee) before 1945 and the "City of the Sea" (miasto morze) in Polish times, highlighting explicit transnational references through ethnographic exhibitions.
With the fellowship, she aims to explore visual representation in unfamiliar places through collections like the photographic collection of the MAA, engage in theoretical discussions on visual history, and learn from methods employed at the Fitzwilliam Museum. Strengthening institutional networks and addressing collection-related challenges, including place naming in metadata, are also key objectives.
Leibniz-Fellowships - Value of the Past 2023
Home Institution: Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Institution: Institut für Zeitgeschichte, München
Dr. des. Nora Jaeger studied art history as well as classical and early Christian archaeology in Münster and Bochum. After a curatorial assistance at the Wilhelm Hack Museum in Ludwigshafen on the Rhine, she worked as a research assistant focusing on provenance research and the history of collecting at the Forschungsstelle Provenienzforschung, Kunst- und Kulturgutschutzrechtat the University of Bonn. She completed her dissertation, funded by a doctoral fellowship from the Gerda Henkel Foundation, at the Ruhr University Bochum in 2023 with the title "Ein ewig Verbotener" ? - Otto Andreas Schreiber (1907–1978) under National Socialism and after 1945. Nora Jaeger's research interests include provenance research, museum and collection history, and art policy under National Socialism.
Subject of my research within the framework of the Leibniz Fellowship "Value of the Past" is the review and evaluation of the entirely unexplored protocols, interviews, and notes that Hildegard Brenner (b. 1927) created in the context of her publication Die Kunstpolitik des Nationalsozialismus (1963, published in the rowohlt deutsche enzyklopädie). For several decades, Brenner's publication formed an important, indispensable set of standards for art historical research and a fundamental work for the understanding of the art-political actions of power under National Socialism. During the development period of the publication, Brenner held discussions with numerous individuals from the National Socialist art establishment. Against this background, a critical (re)evaluation of the publication will be undertaken by, on the one hand, examining Brenner's depictions of the past using archival material and, on the other hand, determining to what extent the conversations with contemporary witnesses influenced the contents of the publication. Last but not least, new insights into the functioning and relationship network of the National Socialist art business shall be identified, and based on this, the question of personal continuity lines after 1945 shall be raised.
Home Institution: German Historical Institute in Warsaw
Institution: Leibniz-Zentrum für Zeithistorische Forschung Potsdam
Dr Bartosz Dziewanowski-Stefańczyk is a researcher at the German Historical Institute in Warsaw. He also collaborates with the Tadeusz Manteuffel Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw and cooperates with the European Network Remembrance and Solidarity. He is curator of the exhibition "After the Great War. New Europe 1918-1923”. Previously he was a researcher at the Center for Historical Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Berlin as well as Scientific Secretary of the Joint Polish-German Textbook Commission (2012-2016) and lectured at the Vistula Academy (2010-2011). Dr Dziewanowski-Stefańczyk holds a PhD in History (2013) from the Warsaw University and MA in international relations from the Warsaw School of Economics (2007). In his doctorate he studied the monetary policy and parliamentary discourse at the Polish-Lithuanian parliament in the years 1658-1668. He has received scholarships at the Deutsches Polen-Institut and Herder Institute.
Dr Dziewanowski-Stefańczyk researches politics of memory focusing on its foreign perspective, cultural diplomacy and Polish-German relations. His current project analyzes the use of history and memory by Polish diplomacy, and non-official actors towards Germany in the years 1918-1939, which may be called foreign politics of history. The chosen method is based on the research of politics of memory, the theory of soft power and nation branding. Dr Dziewanowski-Stefańczyk researches the history related activities of such actors as the Polish Foreign Office, the Polish Embassy in Berlin and the consulates, selected scientific institutes towards Germany. The tools that were used were press articles, state-sponsored historical exhibitions, film screenings, historians' congresses and publications intended for Germany, holidays and celebrations of Polish institutions in Germany as well as speeches by politicians and diplomats in Germany. Therefore, apart from Polish archives, also the Berlin based archive of the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Bundesarchiv are crucial for the project, which is designed to be a habilitation book.
Home institution: independent institution the European College of Liberal Arts in Belarus (ECLAB)
Institute: Berlin's Leibniz Center for Literature and Culture (ZfL)
Olga Ramanava is the independent researcher from Belarus, who has been researching Soviet and post-Soviet culture through the prism of the cinema for more than 10 years, writing articles and essays, reading courses, and speaking in public as an expert. She is currently working on the book "Another History of Soviet Belarusian Cinema. Research Essays”, which will be published in the Dec. of 2023.
The research goal is to gather from the Belarusian films of the different Soviet periods footage open for re-interpretations in the context of the present time. Creating a series of the film shots from the films of different periods (1920s, Stalin's period, Thaw, Brezhnev's "Stagnation" and Perestroika) will allow to dive into the Belarusian history of the Twentieth century, to see different ideological structures, as well as historical complexity, contradictions, traumatism and so-called "white spots". The comments on each film shot will be structured as a description of the cultural, political, and filmic contexts, the extraction of ideological and value messages, as well as their re-interpretation with the discovery of marginal or hidden meanings.
The work on the project consist of the analysis of the Soviet Belarusian films, work with periodicals from 1920-80 in the National Library of Belarus to reconstruct the meanings, which were assigned to the individual films in this or that Soviet period. It also includes the processing of archival documents in the Belarusian State Archives of Literature and Art. The project allows a reader not only to dip into the past, but also to understand the current social processes in Belarus.
Home Institution: School of Translation and Cultural Studies/Institute of Language Studies and Research, Calcutta & Department of English, Kazi Nazrul University, India
Institution: Leibniz Institute Hessian Foundation for Peace and Conflict Research/ Peace Research Institute (PRIF/HSFK), Frankfurt
Prof. Anindya Sekhar Purakayastha, currently with the School of Translation and Cultural Studies, Institute of Language Studies and Research (ILSR), Calcutta, has been Professor of English at Kazi Nazrul University, India. He holds a PhD on critical theory and postcolonial interventions from the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at the Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur. He did his postgraduation in English literature from the University of North Bengal. He was a Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies of the Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main in 2022 and was Fulbright Visiting Fellow 2018-19 at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA. His recent books include Deleuze and Guattari and Terror (co-edited, Edinburgh University Press, 2022), Social Movements, Media and Civil Society in Contemporary India: Historical Trajectories of Public Protest and Political Mobilization (co-authored, Palgrave Macmillan, 2021) and Violence in South Asia: Contemporary Perspectives (co-edited, Routledge, 2019). He co-edits Kairos, the Journal of Critical Symposium and is one of the founding members of the Postcolonial Studies Association of the Global South (PSAGS).
His leibniz project examines how the leitmotif of “national unity” as the normative logic of the political, finds wider popular purchase, fomenting acts of violence when the category of the political is mediated by forceful justification of the singular and the uniform. The past has never been so politically rife in the history of postcolonial India and public sphere debates today have turned into virtual public arenas, causing raucous and violent squabbles, deepening further the social divide on community and religious lines. Scrutinizing the catastrophic function of violence as normative popular will or as legitimate manifestation of people's sovereignty, this project draws on close readings of recent acts of social violence in India. The scope of this project comes within the domain of historical conflicts animated by “cultures of remembrance” or the discursive act of viewing the “Past as a public resource”, or the “litigious value of the past”, hinged on colonial memory and decolonial conflicts.
Home Institution: University of Warsaw/Polish Academy of Sciences
Institution: Leibniz Institut für Europäische Geschichte
Dr. Wieslawa Duzy is an assistant professor (adjunkt) at the Department of Historical Atlas at the Institute of History Polish Academy of Sciences and at the Faculty of History of the University of Warsaw as part of the “People, Places, and Events” project supervised by Francis Harvey (Leibniz-Institut für Länderkunde, Leipzig, and Faculty of History, University of Warsaw). Dr Duzy holds a PhD in History (2013), BA in Sociology (2009), MA in History (2007). Scholarship and fellowship holder of, among others, DARIAH (Lisbon 2019), the Herder Institute (Marburg 2018), the Lanckoroński Foundation (London 2015), the Polish Historical Mission (Wuerzburg 2013), the Lithuanian government (Vilnius 2010), EUI (Florence 2007). In 2014-2015 an assistant professor at the Silesian University in Opava. Research interests: social history of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, domain ontologies in the Humanities and spatial historical databases.
Dr Duzy is interested in developing research on modelling borders and administrative divisions changing over time. This scope of research is a consequence of two projects she had participated in: “Historical Atlas of Poland in the 2nd Half of the 16th Century” focusing on reconstructing settlement network, and “Ontological foundations for building historical geoinformation systems” focusing on building formal domain ontology of settlements types and administrative units.
The theoretical approach in the project starts from the ‘boundary object’, understood as the entity which can be used by various parties, sharing the same features and simultaneously different semantics. Discussing spatial ordering by administrative divisions modelled in the formal ontology brings historians to the point where various discrepancies may either be hidden as a qualitative value inside the definition or may demand extending the model to non-efficient scale. Dr Duzy is aiming to discuss a possible solution of including discrepancies in spatial ordering into the model by defining them as boundary objects. Drawing on the research tradition of the longue durée she considers the border as an ambiguous concept. The discussion goes from written sources (describing the border with its main features changing over time without indicating exact localization) to cartographic representation (representing static borders with their features including geographical localization).
Home institution: Research Platform “Transformations and Eastern Europe“, University of Vienna
What role did the memory of the People’s Liberation War play in exchanges between Yugoslavia and Africa? How did the transfer of knowledge in the sphere of war commemoration function? What are the reception, appropriation and traces of these exchanges in postcolonial contexts? The project explores the role of war memory in the contacts between Yugoslav Partisans and anti-colonial liberation movements from Africa during and after decolonisation. The project centres on Algeria as the primary case study but also traces the later cooperation with the liberation movements of Angola, Guinea-Bissau and Mozambique. Bringing together the approaches of transnational history and memory studies with a focus on the agency of war veterans, this project aims at writing memory into the global history of Yugoslavia and the Cold War.
Jelena Đureinović is a historian interested in memory politics and memory cultures in the 20th and 21st centuries. She is the scientific coordinator of the Research Platform “Transformations and Eastern Europe” at the University of Vienna and a researcher at the Research Center for the History of Transformations (RECET). Her current project, funded through the APART-GSK Fellowship of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, investigates Yugoslav socialist internationalism and the global history of the Yugoslav culture of remembrance, focusing on the role of memory in the relations between the Yugoslav Partisan veterans and anti-colonial liberation movements from Africa. Her main research interests include memory studies, global history and the history of Yugoslavia and post-Yugoslav space. She holds a PhD in History from Justus Liebig University in Giessen, Germany. Her book The Politics of Memory of the Second World War in Contemporary Serbia: Collaboration, Resistance and Retribution was published with Routledge in 2020.
Home institution: Babyn Yar Holocaust Memorial Center (Kyiv, Ukraine)
Institute: Institut für Zeitgeschichte, München
Dr Oleksandr Kruglov is an Ukrainian historian, one of the most famous Ukrainian researchers of the Holocaust in the post-Soviet space. In the 1980s, he was one of the first in Ukraine to initiate a systematic study of the Holocaust. Senior adviser of the Babi Yar Holocaust Memorial Center (Kyiv), scientific consultant of the Ukrainian Institute of Holocaust Studies "Tkuma" (Dnipro). Author of more than 1,180 scientific publications on the history of the Holocaust, including more than 20 monographs and collections of documents, 217 entries in the Holokost na territorii SSSR. Entsiklopedia (Moskva: ROSSPEN, 2009) and 892 entries in the Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vols. II, III, IV (Indiana University Press: Bloomington and Indianapolis 2012, 2018, 2022).
There are hundreds of publications about the tragedy of Babi Yar. The disadvantage of these publications is that they focus on the victims and says almost nothing about executioners. Hundreds of people from the SD Sonderkommandos, police battalions, SS units, and the Wehrmacht took part in the extermination of Kyiv Jews to one degree or another, while in the available publications about the tragedy of Babi Yar, as a rule, only a few names are mentioned. Thus, hundreds of people who were directly or indirectly involved in the events in Kyiv in the autumn of 1941 remain behind the scenes; they make up approximately 99 percent of all those who in one way or another were involved in the tragedy of Babi Yar. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to identify by names all the executioners – organizers, performers, and accomplices, and to create an objective, complete, and holistic picture of the events in Kyiv in the autumn of 1941.
Home Institution: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb
Danijela Lugarić Vukas is a literary scholar and cultural historian who holds a PhD from the University of Zagreb, where she works as an associate professor. She has undergone professional training at the Faculty of Philology (St. Petersburg State University, predoctoral fellowship, Russian Federation Grant, 2006) and at the University of California, Berkeley (postdoctoral fellowship, JFDP, 2011), and she was a virtual open research laboratory associate at the Russian, East European, and Euroasian Center at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (spring 2022). She was visiting professor (2018-2022) at the Department of Russian Language and Literature at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Dr Lugarić Vukas is interested in comparative Slavic studies (former Yugoslav and former Soviet cultures), with a focus on contemporary culture and the second half of the 20th century, particularly on topics such as the paradoxes, complexities, and inner ambivalences of (post)modernity and pluralities of (post)modernist subjectivities, the transition from late socialism to capitalism as and economic, political, social and cultural formation, in the cultural conceptualizations of memory in post-Soviet Russian and late Soviet socialism between myth and trauma, as well as in female prose writers, Russian critical theory, and postcolonial readings of post-Soviet culture. She translates from Russian (M. Bakhtin and a number of contemporary scholars, culturologists, and philosophers, including M. Lipovetsky, A. Etkind, M. Epstein, and I. Kukulin). She has written numerous papers and monographs in the fields of literary and cultural studies in Soviet and Yugoslav (post)socialism, memory studies, trauma studies, femininity and gender history. Apart from researching contemporary Russian and Russophone novels from the 2010s, she is currently translating Oksana Vasyakina's novel Wound.
She intends to use the fellowship to work on a book project titled Temporalities of the Post-Soviet Russophone Novel in the 2010s: Spectres of the Soviet Past, which is informed by two firm beliefs: first, that the topic of time is clearly important in exploring post-Soviet Russophone literature of the 2010s, and second, that the novel offers the richest and most convincing sense of time. Her book project connects various Russophone novels from the 2010s (from Vladimir Sorokin, Mikhail Shiskin, Evgeny Vodolazkin, Sergey Lebedev to Maria Stepanova, Polina Barskova, Liudmila Ulitskaya, Svetlana Alexievich, and Guzel Yakhina) with the framework of temporality. Furthermore, by bringing together discourse-oriented and structurally-focused approaches to the selected literary works, this research aims to provide analyses of novels that are both „tales of time“ (fable du temps) and „tales about time“ (fable sur le temps) (Ricoeur 1985)—that is, in which time is present as both a universal feature of narrative and its topic. With regard to the ongoing war in Ukraine, it is critical to examine the cultural landscape of the system that paved the way for this conflict. As a result, the goal of this project is to provide a more thorough and comprehensive understanding of how political categories and ideological processes are articulated and portrayed in cultural and literary forms in order to evolve into what they truly are. In this sense, the temporalities of literary works, i.e., the ways in which they order and structure the past, present, and future, provide insights into how language corresponded to conceptions of reality and shaped knowledge in Russia during the 2010s, whereas narrative forms take forefront because they serve as a bridge between culture as system and culture as performance, acting as a setting for the formation of meaning. Some of the cases examined in this project demonstrate how the violent Soviet past not only impacts how Russian society views itself today, but also serves to explain the political behaviours we witness today.
Institution: Leibniz-Zentrum Moderner Orient (ZMO)
Ole Birk Laursen is a historian of South Asia, anarchism, and anticolonialism. His research concerns the social and intellectual history of South Asian anticolonial activists in Europe from the mid-nineteenth century to the era of decolonisation, with a particular focus on Marxism, anarchism, and left-wing radicalism. He holds a PhD in English from the Open University (UK), and an MA and BA in English and History from the University of Aarhus (Denmark). His first book, Anarchy or Chaos: M. P. T. Acharya and the Indian Struggle for Freedom (Hurst & Co., 2023), is an intellectual biography of India’s most important anarchist theoretician and activist. The book addresses issues around direct democracy and postcolonial visions of freedom, internationalism and the nation-state, terrorism, pacifism, independence, and decolonisation through the lens of anticolonial anarchism.
During his Leibniz Research Alliance fellowship, he will work on a project entitled ‘Bharat Berlin: Entangled Spaces of Indian Anticolonialism in the Weimar Era’. Taking a spatial-political approach, this project examines the history of Indian anticolonialism in Weimar era Berlin. Analysing primary archival material, intelligence reports, newspapers, periodicals, memoirs, and architecture, the project explores issues of communism, anarchism, pacifism, nationalism, and fascism, and how these ideologies and movements influenced the articulation of Indian anticolonialism in exile. It considers questions concerning gender (e.g., the role of women; inter-racial relationships) and religion (e.g., Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Jews); the involvement of students, intellectuals, and workers; protests against racism and colonialism; the establishment of new organisations and global networks of resistance with Egyptians, Persians, Chinese, and Japanese in exile; expulsions and deportations in the Nazi era, as well as the spaces in which all this unfolded. In doing so, it transforms our understanding of Berlin’s role in the Indian struggle for independence and provokes a reconsideration of the politics and value of representing the past.
Leibniz-Cambridge Museum & Collection Fellowships 2022
Home Institution: Deutsches Museum, München
Institution: Whipple Museum for the History of Science, Cambridge
Julia Bloemer is a historian of science working at the Deutsches Museum in Munich. Currently, she curates a new permanent exhibition on the "Nature of the Natural Sciences". After studying physics, she completed her doctorate in the history of science in 2021 at LMU Munich on science in southern German monasteries of the 18th century. Her research focuses on the relationship between science and religion, the history of physics and science communication.
How does science work? How does knowledge about the history of science help us to understand science today? In order to find their way in a world dominated by science and technology, citizens need knowledge to make self-determined judgments. Although this also includes subject-specific content, knowledge about the nature of science such as basic features of knowledge acquisition and the properties of scientific knowledge are even more useful. While the integration of nature of science elements in the classroom has been studied intensively for a long time, the communication in informal learning places like museum exhibitions has hardly been researched yet. This project is part of a larger attempt of the Deutsches Museum to include nature-of-science elements in its exhibitions and investigates the chances and challenges of an historical approach. It focuses on two psychological concepts that have a particular influence on the successful communication of nature-of-science elements: abstraction as deriving abstract themes from individual case studies and transfer as transposing them into a new context. The Whipple Museum for the History of Science in Cambridge offers an ideal environment for the investigation of these questions. On the one hand, it is a decidedly historical museum, so that visitors come here with completely different expectations: not scientific content of today, but history of science. It will therefore be necessary to examine what influence these expectations have on the visitors' ability to abstract and transfer. Furthermore, especially for the nature of science element of theory change, the exhibitions in the subject areas of meteorology (weather forecasting) and astronomy (change of worldview) from the holdings of the Whipple Museum can be fruitfully used.
Home Institution: German Maritime Museum / Leibniz Institute for Maritime History (DSM)
Institute: The Polar Museum, Cambridge
Katrin Kleemann is an environmental historian and historian of science working on volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and maritime history. Currently, she is a postdoctoral researcher at the German Maritime Museum / Leibniz Institute for Maritime History in Bremerhaven, Germany. Kleemann studied history, cultural anthropology, and geology at the University of Kiel, the Free University of Berlin and LMU Munich. She was a member of the international and interdisciplinary doctoral program "Environment and Society" at the Rachel Carson Center. The Andrea von Braun Foundation funded her doctoral research. Her first monograph, A Mist Connection. An Environmental History of the Laki Eruption of 1783 and Its Legacy, will be published in De Gruyter's "Historical Catastrophe Studies" series in 2022. Before joining the German Maritime Museum, Kleemann was a lecturer at the Department of History at the University of Freiburg and a fellow at the John Carter Brown Library in Providence, Rhode Island, USA.
At the German Maritime Museum, Kleemann is pursuing a postdoc project on the history of the German Maritime Observatory (Deutsche Seewarte) that existed in Hamburg from 1875 to 1945. This institute contributed significantly to the ever-expanding breadth of knowledge of oceans and their weather conditions, making shipping safer and quicker. At the Polar Museum of the Scott Polar Research Institute at the University of Cambridge, Kleemann will be studying their impressive collections. These include the correspondence of British scholars with their German counterparts on topics such as the oceans of the polar regions. The collections also feature an impressive array of photographs of historical expeditions and many scientific instruments. Research with these archival images and objects in the Polar Museum will enable Kleemann to study and evaluate the practices of maritime knowledge production in Germany and the United Kingdom from the mid-nineteenth to mid-twentieth centuries, particularly with regard to the polar regions. Furthermore, Kleemann will assess how the German and British expeditions approached maritime surveys in the polar regions, their challenges, and how they overcame them.
Home institution: Senckenberg Museum of Natural History
Institution: University of Cambridge, University Museum, Department of Zoology
Biographical sketch: Heike Reise is a zoologist who studied biology (animal physiology, zoology and ecology) at the University of Leipzig and holds a PhD from the University of Basel. For more than 30 years, she has been employed at the Senckenberg Museum of Natural History Görlitz as a researcher and curator of the Mollusca collection. She is an expert on terrestrial slugs and is coeditor of the journal Archiv für Molluskenkunde.
Project description: The British zoologist Walter E. Collinge (1867–1947) was an eminent malacologist who spent the first part of his career on the study of molluscs, particularly terrestrial slugs. In that time, he accumulated a considerable slug collection, which he later donated to the University of Cambridge. Slugs are snails without external shells, and they have to be preserved in alcohol, which is more effort than creating a shell collection. In many old mollusc collections, slug samples, if they were included at all, have dried out at some stage, leaving the specimens more or less useless. The Collinge collection has likely been well curated since handed over by Collinge so that its specimens may be in a good enough state to be reinvestigated and determined anatomically even more than 110 years since collected. This Collinge collection is particularly important for two reasons. (1) It contains many type specimens or potential types, that is specimens on which new species descriptions are based (Collinge named 70 new slug species). (2) It is likely to contain voucher specimens for early distribution records of slug species, some of which have spread dramatically in the last century, whereas others may have locally disappeared. The fellowship will be used for reinvestigating the slugs of the Collinge collection to produce a species list in agreement with current taxonomy, and to identify type specimens. The material will also be screened for potentially interesting voucher specimens. Two weeks will not suffice to dissect all material, so I will concentrate on European and North American slug groups. The list to be published will provide a basis for other malacologists interested in material in the Collinge collection.
Leibniz-Fellowships - Value of the Past 2022
Institute: Leibniz Institute for Educational Media | Georg Eckert Institute
Drawing on an interdisciplinary background, Önder Cetin has focused on the role of educational media in the construction of identities, images of the self and the other, and intercommunal relationships since his doctoral research at Leiden University (2011). In addition to textbook studies, his research interests include the role of emotions and nostalgia in the construction of collective identities. The findings and conclusions of his recent projects, for example, were primarily shared through peer-reviewed publications such as the British Journal of Educational Studies (2022), and the Journal of Educational Media, Memory, and Society (2020), as well as forthcoming publications on the memory politics of the Turkish Jewish community and the use of emotions in the construction of self-image in Turkish textbooks published in Germany to be published in the Memory Studies and the Journal of Muslims in Europe, respectively in 2023.
In his one-month research project for the "Value of the Past" fellowship, Cetin will focus on identifying major digital actors, including their motivations, strategies and main products, that challenge official narratives, as presented in textbooks for secondary schools, by proposing alternative or complementary narratives with a focus on local history via online platforms such as Facebook, Instagram and Twitter.
In addition to developing a long-term research project proposal based on the preliminary findings achieved during this short-term research fellowship, he will present the initial conclusions from his research at the 7th Annual Meeting of the Memory Studies Association, focusing on "Communities and Change," at New Castle University (UK) in July 2023, which is planned to result in a peer-reviewed publication.
Home Institution: Wissenschaftsgeschichte / History of Science, University of Regensburg; Research Institute for the History of Science and Technology, Deutsches Museum Munich
Institution: Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung – Leibniz Institution for Biodiversity and Earth System Research (SGN), Frankfurt
Christopher Halm is a historian of science who holds a PhD from the University of Regensburg. He studied chemistry, history and geography at Heidelberg University and is a trained grammar school teacher. His dissertation on the early history of agricultural chemistry was awarded by the German Chemical Society. Christopher has received various fellowships, e.g. from the Heinrich Böll Foundation in Berlin and the Science History Institute in Philadelphia.
On July 24, 1969, for the first time in history, a human mission brought selected rock samples from a celestial body to planet Earth. Sampling the moon initiated research programs and museum exhibitions that are still running today but whose history has yet to be told. Christopher’s second book project will change that. It is conceived as a material and media culture study that builds upon archival research, oral history approaches, and collaborations with museums, libraries and science institutes. His study reviews the cultural, global, and techno-scientific value/history of moon rocks. He argues that researching and exhibiting lunar samples has fostered a Western science- and technology-interested community. New national and commercial space programs, however, challenge this community. Not only is our view of the moon changing, but our self-image, our history and the value of our past are changing.
Christopher uses the Leibniz Fellowship to research the history of Senckenberg’s in-house lunar sample object. How does the history of this particular piece resemble or differ from the histories of other lunar samples? What messages are given, and what possible futures lie ahead for Senckenberg's moon rock?
Home Institution: Hamburger Institut für Sozialforschung (HIS)
Bibliographical sketch: Julia Hörath is a historically working political scientist. She studied History and Political Science at the University of Osnabrück and Free University Berlin. From 2006 to 2009 she participated in the PhD-program at the Department of History, Classics and Archaeology at Birkbeck College, University of London, and received her PhD in political science from Free University Berlin. Her dissertation on the so-called ‘asocials’ and ‘professional criminals’ in the pre-war Nazi concentration camps has been awarded the Herbert-Steiner-Price 2013. Julia Hörath has been working as a research assistant for several memorial sites, e.g. the Sachsenhausen and the Ravensbrück Memorial, and was lecturer at the Humboldt University Berlin. Since 2017 she is researcher at Hamburg Institute for Social Research where she is working on her project on the history of the West-German New Left.
Project: The project explores the changing notions of progress and future in the West-German New Left during last third of the 20th century. It relates to recent historical studies on time, temporality and historical futures as well as to the research on the transformation of Germany after the break down of the so-called “real socialism” and the reunion of the two German states. Asking how the changes of the New Left in the Federal Republic were influenced by the transitions in the GDR it aims to contribute to the current debate on the “cotransformation” (Philipp Ther).
Historians regard the last three decades of the 20th century as a phase of deep structural and cultural transformation, captured in concepts such as the “trente glorieuses” respectively the “history after the boom” as well as in the debates on the cesura of “1989”. If we follow contemporary perceptions of these changes, one impact had been an increasing skepticism towards social progress and economic growth and a loss of social utopias. Many contemporaries were under the impression that the prospect of a radiant future, that so far had characterized modern thought, was replaced by the notion of a “closed” of even “apocalyptic” future beyond any influence of human action.
The idea of progress and the utopia of a better future, both encapsulated in the terms “socialism” resp. “communism”, formed key concepts of the West-German New Left. Thus, the increasing skepticism towards such notions threatened the very foundation of its political thoughts. The project investigates how these shifts were influenced by the developments of “real socialism” in the eastern part of Germany and how they were perceived and processed in the West-German New Left. It thereby addresses both, the organizational level and the level of collective biographies. The analysis will be guided by the categories experience, expectation (Reinhart Koselleck), and disappointment (Bernhard Gotto et.al.). On one hand, the study shall investigate how the varying relationships between these three categories shaped conceptions of time. On the other, it pursues the question of how disappointing experiences might have shifted future expectations. Thirdly, the project asks how this, over time, might have influenced socialist ideas more generally.
The study aims to combine a social and cultural history of the transformed West-German New Left with a contribution to the history of ideas and intellectuals in the Federal Republic. In addition, it will shed light on processes of “cotransformation” in West Germany.
Home Institution: Department for the History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine, Centre for Health and Society, Medical Faculty, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf
Institution: Leibniz Institute for Contemporary History (IfZ), Munich
Biographical sketch: Matthis Krischel is a historian of medicine and the life sciences and a medical ethicist. He received his PhD in history and philosophy of medicine from Ulm University (Germany) in 2013. He is lecturer at the Depart for the History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine of Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf and a member of the clinical ethics committee of University Hospital of Düsseldorf.
Project description: As fellow at the Leibniz Institute for Contemporary History between July and August 2022, Matthis will explore the relationship of the history of medicine and the life sciences with bioethics. What can we learn from problematic episodes in this history, such as collection of anthropological specimens and their display in museums during the colonial era, medical crimes in Nazi Germany and drug trials sponsored by West German pharmaceutical companies and carried out in East Germany? And on the other hand, how can we adequately write about the ethical aspects of these episodes without falling into either of the extremes of moral relativism or anachronism? Who can these aspects be incorporated into cultures of remembrance?
The aim of the fellowship is to form a network of historians, bioethicists, philosophers and legal historians to further discuss these topics. Matthis is very happy to connect with members of the network “Values of the Past” who are interested in discussing the relationship between history of medicine and the life sciences, bioethics and cultures of remembrance.
Home Institution: LMU München
In the late 1950s and 1960s, Soviet public opinion was preoccupied with the search for authenticity. The disclosure of the Stalinist crimes stimulated a revision of the established patterns of perception and interpretation, while political identities also began to rearrange themselves during this upheaval. Questions of history play a decisive role in this. Although the leading proponents of the struggle for “historical truth” initially sought to resolidify the state’s socialist values, this undertaking soon became critical towards the official narrative and ideology. Two camps emerged: the “liberals” criticized Stalinism and called for the democratization of society, while their “conservative” opponents called for a gentle course of reform. This project is intended to open up the entanglement between discussions about the collective past and ideological polarization. Based on the work of Belarusian prose writer Vasil Bykau (1924–2003), I will show how the past—strictly speaking, rival interpretations of it—became a source and projection screen for ideological conflicts.
Following the seminal work of Amir Weiner (2002), I will discuss the political meaning of the Soviet memory of war. The past is thus understood as a resource in various ideological conflicts, in which it is used to underpin rival political visions. Different interpretations of what happened during the war were an important topic in the broad discussion about the future of the Soviet system and socialism. Weiner traces how participants in this commemoration understood the war as a continuation of the revolutionary longing for moral homogeneity. In this way, the history of the war was about freeing the collective body from “foreign elements and internal enemies”, so that a society of harmony and freedom from conflict would finally be possible. As a result, war became another element in the complex ideological battle underlying the Soviet creation of the “new man”. This was the context in which Bykau and other “liberals” had to develop their own understanding of the war based on the notions of ideological pluralism, socialist democracy, and true humanism.
Home Institution: TU Berlin
Sebastian Willert is a historian and research associate at the Chair for Modern Art History at TU Berlin. He received his PhD in Art History in 2022 from the TU Berlin with a dissertation (“Kulturbesitz. Archäologische Objekte als Konfliktfaktor der deutschen und osmanischen Politik, 1898–1918.“) From 2017 to 2021, he was a doctoral student at Excellence Cluster Topoi. In the same time span, he participated in the program Ancient Object(s) and Visual Studies (AOVis) at the Berlin Graduate School of Ancient Studies (BerGSAS). He was a PreDoc-Fellow in the Research Cluster Translocations at TU Berlin. In 2021 he was affiliated with the Orient-Institute Istanbul and Boğaziçi University’s Department of History in Istanbul. Within the framework of Global, Colonial and Transnational History, his projects aim to analyse the impacts of cultural appropriations, exhibitions, and museum narratives on international relations and the public.
The First World War marked a caesura in the old order of states and empires. In its aftermath, political and geographical frameworks transformed, while exhibitions of prestigious ancient objects continued to visualise the cultural significance of a city or a nation. Various museum actors, colonial agents and archaeologists in Europe and the Middle East managed to manifest their positions despite geopolitical transformation(s) and regime change(s). Personal continuities shaped museums, universities, and research institutes. At the same time, similar discourses related to the exhibitions of ancient art became apparent in various geographical areas. Exhibitions served as ordering structures to vault regional diversities and construct national/ideological unity. To achieve this, actors resorted to imperial tools. While museums were opened in Damascus (1919/1936–39), Aleppo (1931), and Beirut (1937), cultural assets from the region were continuously displayed in Germany and France: Case studies like the Baalbek exhibition in Jena (1925), the Pergamon Museum in Berlin (1930), the Paris International Colonial Exhibition with its Pavilions from Algeria, Syria, and Lebanon, eventually, the exhibition of Byzantine art in the French capital (both 1931) indicate a cultural pattern of exhibiting assets. From a transnational perspective, the research project focuses on how ancient art was valorised and presented in a period of transformation? Did the value(s) of cultural assets change? Were displays modified according to (geo-)political contexts? The study aims to analyse cultural practices during the inter-war period. It studies the construction of national identities by depicting specific cultural objects. Investigating the processes of valuing and re-valuing particular objects, the project asks about implemented symbolisms constructing political caesura(e) and/or continuity as a coherent history.
Home Institution: Humboldt-Universität Berlin
Institution: ZZF Potsdam
Andrei Zavadski is an interdisciplinary scholar working at intersections of memory studies, public history, museum studies, and media studies. Until July 2022, he was a postdoctoral researcher at the Centre for Anthropological Research on Museums and Heritage (CARMAH), Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. He holds a dual MA in public history from the Moscow School of Social and Economic Sciences and Manchester University (2014) and a PhD in media and communication studies from Freie Universität Berlin (2020). He is a co-editor of Politika affekta: Muzei kak prostranstvo publichnoi istorii [Politics of Affect: The Museum as a Public History Space] (2019) and of Vse v proshlom: teoriya i praktika publichnoi istorii [All Things Past: Theory and Practice of Public History] (2021). His work has appeared in Media, Culture & Society, Europe-AsiaStudies, Problems of Post-Communism, Novoe Literaturnoe Obozrenie, and other journals.
During his Leibniz Fellowship, Andrei will work on a project titled ‘Public History in Putin’s Russia: In Search of Postcoloniality.’ Set within the discipline of public history, with approaches of memory studies and media studies as auxiliary, the project will use a postcolonial lens as a principal epistemological tool. It will analyse the usage of the past as a way to mobilise people in contemporary Russia in general and in the official propaganda of the current war in Ukraine in particular. It will aim to highlight instances of resistance to these efforts, both since 24 February 2022 and over a longer period of time. The analysis will also seek to uncover postcolonial perspectives that are coming to the fore in attempts to oppose imperialist historical arguments of Russia’s political leadership, and will thus contribute to thinking about potential transformations that will need to happen in this regard in the future. The more abstract aims of this research are to explore public histories in Russia in the contexts of the current war as well as of the regional and global public histories, and to offer a new postcolonial trajectory of their development. This research will constitute part of a book tentatively titled Public Histories in Russia, on which Andrei is working in collaboration with historian Vera Dubina.
Home Institution: Vanderbilt University
Home Institution: Research Institute Social Cohesion, Research Centre Global Dynamics, Leipzig University
Man Zhang is a historian of modern Chinese history. In 2021, she started her postdoc position at Leipzig University. She completed her doctoral degree at the University of Freiburg in the Institute of China Studies in 2021. Between 2019 and 2021, Man Zhang worked as a lecturer and researcher at the University of Freiburg. She was a research member of the European Research Council (ERC) Project “The Maoist Legacy: Party Dictatorship, Transitional Justice, and the Politics of Truth” between 2014 and 2019. In 2014, she received her master’s degree in history at Nanjing University.
Man Zhang’s research interests lie in politics, society, and the legal history of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). She is particularly interested in political and sexual violence. Primarily based upon recently declassified archival records and oral history interviews, her current book project Making and Unmaking Perpetrators: Addressing Cultural Revolution Violence in Post-Mao China primarily focuses on the issue of perpetrators. It demonstrates how the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) dealt with past political violence that had occurred under its own rule in the wake of Mao Zedong’s death. It also investigates how the party-state shifted the notions of perpetrator and victim to attribute responsibility for its violent past and explores the transformation of Chinese socialism in the late 1970s and 1980s.
Her current research looks into populist legality in socialist and post-socialist China. Drawing upon the concept of populism, the project examines mass opinions in legal affairs and sheds light on the CCP’s so-called “mass line” and its mass politics. It asks to what extent mass opinion presents itself in everyday legal practices. The study addresses the long-standing question of whether the CCP’s socialist regime is populist in nature. The study further explores how individual narratives in legal testimonies construct and deconstruct “truth” in contemporary China. While the authorities attempt to become the single source of truth and power and criminalize dissenting voices, individual narratives manifest a plurality of truth and testify against alleged “historical nihilism”.
She is also developing another project that investigates the nexus of sexual violence, related laws, and politics in the PRC. The study further concerns managing everyday life under authoritarianism.
Leibniz-Cambridge Museum & Collection Fellowships 2019
Home Institution: Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt
Institute: Museum of Zoology, Cambridge
Franziska Wagner is a biologist who has specialized in comparative anatomy, functional morphology, evolution, and systematics of mammals and other vertebrates. She is writing her PhD thesis at the Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main and worked as a guest researcher at the Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum Frankfurt in the Section of Mammalogy. During her Master studies and PhD studies she visited mammal collections in Germany, Switzerland, and France and learned about their curatorial practice. She regularly presents her project on scientific meetings and publishes articles in academic journals. Since summer 2019 she works as a scientific trainee at the Senckenberg Naturhistorische Sammlungen Dresden to intense her qualifications in research, curatorial work, and public relations.
In her project Franziska Wagner analyses the consequences of the breeding of different snout lengths on intranasal structures i.e., the turbinals (skeleton of nasal conchae) in the domestic dog by the use of high-resolution computed tomography (µCT). With modern imaging techniques intracranial structures can be investigated non-destructively which offers the opportunity to study collection specimens of rare and endangered species, and even fossils. The skulls of the chosen dogs cover different ages and breeds, and the Eurasian wolf as the dog's ancestor serves for outgroup comparison. Based on the resulting µCT cross-sections of the nasal cavity virtual 3D models of selected structures are reconstructed. The data is analyzed morphologically and morphometrically. The turbinal skeleton of modern dogs differs from the Eurasian wolf, especially in brachycephalic (short snouted) breeds like the pug. Sighthounds by contrast are a group of dolichocephalic (long snouted) eye-hunting racing dogs of ancient origin whose turbinals are as well-developed as in the Eurasian wolf or in scent hounds like the German shepherd. Most modern breeds are affected by a strong inbreeding with genetic drift. By just comparing these morphologically extremely diversified forms with the wild Eurasian wolf several key elements of domestication over hundreds of dog generations are at risk of non-consideration. Hence, the general influences of a formerly more natural selection on the dog need to be evaluated on intermediate stages. The Museum of Zoology at the University of Cambridge for example houses skulls of dogs excavated in mummy pits. These individuals are supposed to represent an evolutionary connection between the wolf and 'incipient dogs', and the artificially selected pedigree dogs of today. A comparison of these Egyptian dogs to wild wolves from Lebanon, also present in the collection, and to the modern dog specimens can demonstrate how domestication has proceeded over the last centuries.
Home Institution: Deutsches Museum, München
Institute: Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge | Juni 2019
Artemis Yagou is an Athens-born historian of design and technology, currently based in Munich, Germany, where she is Research Associate at the Research Institute for the History of Science and Technology of the Deutsches Museum. She is working on the project "How they Played: Children and Construction Toys (ca. 1840-1940)", with funding from the German Research Foundation (DFG) (2016-2021). Additionally, she is preparing a monograph on aspects of luxury in early modern Southeastern Europe. She has published extensively, including Fragile Innovation: Episodes in Greek Design History (2011 in English/2015 in Greek).
Exploring the material culture of the long eighteenth century, Yagou examined four pocket watches with Ottoman numerals from the collection of the Fitzwilliam Museum. English and continental firms produced large numbers of watches of this type for the markets of the Ottoman Empire. These products, both technical novelties and fashionable accessories, were highly popular among the local multiethnic populations. The pocket watches for the Ottoman market may be classified as examples of popular luxury, expressing the rise of the individual, the growing significance of pleasurable consumption, and the emergence of new forms of socialisation through product use. Furthermore, these watches often combined elements that may be described as "genuine" or "fake", which suggests that various forms and degrees of authenticity should be considered and problematised. The quantity-produced pocket watch with Ottoman numerals, an artefact incorporating both innovation and fashionability, offers an appropriate starting point for exploring the diffusion and significance of forgery practices outside the domain of high luxury.
Home Institution: Whipple Museum of the History of Science, University of Cambridge
Institute: Deutsches Museum, München | November 2019
Joshua Nall is Curator of Modern Sciences at the Whipple Museum of the History of Science, University of Cambridge. He joined the museum in 2013, having previously completed his MPhil and PhD in History and Philosophy of Science at Cambridge. His research focuses on mass media and material culture of the physical sciences after 1800. He has curated a variety of exhibitions and displays, including on globes, science and industry in Cambridge, and most recently the special exhibition Astronomy and Empire. His first book, News from Mars: Mass Media and the Forging of a New Astronomy, 1860–1910, will be published by University of Pittsburgh Press in September 2019. With Boris Jardine he is also currently editing a primary source volume, Victorian Material Culture: Science and Medicine, to be published by Routledge.
Nall will use his Cambridge-Leibniz Museum & Collection Fellowship to support a research exchange between the Whipple Museum and the Deutsches Museum in Munich. Since 2013 he has been part of a research project critically reassessing the thorny question of fake scientific instruments in major museum collections, including the Whipple Museum. Using a variety of historical, curatorial, and scientific techniques, including X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy, this initial research has already increased the number of known forgeries in the Whipple’s collection. With support from the Cambridge-Leibniz-Museum and Collection Fellowships 2019, this study will be improved and extended by facilitating a partnership between the Whipple Museum and Dr. Neeti Phatak, a materials science specialist working with the Deutsches Museum collection. Dr Phatak will visit the Whipple in the summer of 2019 to assist in further XRF analysis of the collection and to share her expertise in the complicated interpretation of resultant data. Nall will then undertake a reciprocal visit in the winter of 2019 to share his own curatorial and historical insights with the research and conservation teams at the Deutsches Museum. Our ambition is to establish baseline working techniques for the accumulation and interpretation of large quantities of XRF data across many different types of objects in multiple collections. This technique offers the tantalising opportunity to not only weed our forgeries, but also to help better date authentic instruments and interrogate their place of origin and the material techniques used in their construction, offering new insights into the making and circulation of scientific instruments.
Home Institution: Deutsches Museum, München
Institute: Whipple Museum of the History of Science, Cambridge | August 2019
Neeti Phatak pursued her Doctorate in Materials Science & Engineering from the University of Augsburg, Germany in 2016. She has a broad experience in the research and development of new and existing materials and their characterization – both in industry and academia- nationally and internationally. As a passionate material scientist, Neet Phatak is always keen and enthusiastic towards exploring varying domains where she could contribute her expertise in solving diverse problems.
Being associated with the Deutsches Museum, Munich, Germany, since more than a year, she has been actively involved in the material characterization of various museum artefctas via non-destructive techniques, as X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) Spectroscopy- aiming in bringing together the scientific and historical aspects in the analysis of museum artefcats for their authenticity and provenance.
Cambridge-Leibniz Museum & Collection Fellowship would be a great opportunity for Neeti in exploring the potentials of the XRF technique in the analysis of diverse museum artefacts- not only at the Deutsches Museums, Munich, but as well at the Whipple Museum, University of Cambridge. With support from the Cambridge-Leibniz-Museum and Collection Fellowships 2019, this study will be improved and extended by facilitating a partnership between the Deutsches Museum and Dr.Joshua Nall, a historian and curator at the Whipple Musuem. Dr Phatak will visit the Whipple in the summer of 2019 to assist in further XRF analysis of the collection and to share her expertise in the complicated interpretation of resultant data. Nall will then undertake a reciprocal visit in the winter of 2019 to share his own curatorial and historical insights with the research and conservation teams at the Deutsches Museum. Our ambition is to establish baseline working techniques for the accumulation and interpretation of large quantities of XRF data across many different types of objects in multiple collections. This technique offers the tantalising opportunity to not only weed our forgeries, but also to help better date authentic instruments and interrogate their place of origin and the material techniques used in their construction, offering new insights into the making and circulation of scientific instruments.
Home Institute & Institute: The Polar Museum, SPRI, Cambridge und das Deutsche Schifffahrtsmuseum, Bremerhaven | August 2019
Charlotte Connelly is a curator of science, technology and the environment at the Polar Museum, part of the Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge. Her current research in the history of science investigates the material culture of the physical sciences, and how recreation of past experimental practice can inform historical interpretation. She has published on the history of science and exploration, as well as on museology and how museum practice can be used to build dialogue between different types of audience, particularly with reference to climate science.
Martin Weiss is a historian of science at the German Maritime Museum / Leibniz Institute for Maritime History. In his current research he focuses on the history of the polar and marine sciences in the Cold War. The history of German research vessels serve as a point of departure for his historical analysis of the many interests (scientific, economic, geo-strategic) that came into play (and still come into play today) in determining the agenda and the public impact of polar and marine research. Previously, Martin focused on the history of museums as centres of knowledge exchange, both in Cold War East Germany and nineteenth century Holland. He is the author of the book „Showcasing Science – A History of Teylers Museum in the Nineteenth Century“.
In a new exhibition project, The Polar Museum and the German Maritime Museum are seeking to develop an exhibition, H2O: Ice, Oceans and Us (working title), about climate change and its impacts on our planet, in collaboration with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The project will help tackle one of the biggest challenges museums face in conveying climate change issues: identifying engaging and comprehensible objects which document and illustrate the research underlying climate science, climate history and its predicted future effects on society. To this end, a best practice guide will be compiled.
Home Institute: Deutsches Zentrum für Marine Biodiversitätsforschung (DZMB)
Institute: Museum of Zoology, Cambridge | September 2019
James Taylor is a marine ecologist who completed his Master’s studies at the University of Glasgow before undertaking his Doctoral research at the Alfred Wegener Institute, Bremerhaven in association with the Carl von Ossietzky Universität, Oldenburg. Taylor’s research interests include deep-sea macro- and megafaunal community analysis, video and imagery techniques for studying marine realms, genetics, and hydrothermal vent associated fauna. His doctoral dissertation titled “Temporal and Spatial Variability of Epibenthic Megafaunal Communities from the Arctic Deep-Sea LTER Observatory HAUSGARTEN” studied variation in megafaunal communities with data spanning more than a decade with particular emphasis on the deep-sea holothurians, Kolga hyalina and Elpidia heckeri, as well as the mollusc Mohnia mohni. This work was funded by a Research Grant for Doctoral Candidates and Young Academics and Scientists from the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD).
Taylor’s current post-doctoral research focuses on the study of material, both physical and image based, obtained during the IceAGE RR (Icelandic marine Animals: Genetics and Ecology – Reykjanes Ridge) expedition MSM75. Whilst this encompasses many areas of research, a key focus lies with the molecular, morphological, scleroclimatological, habitat and stable isotope analysis of the acorn barnacle Bathylasma hirsutum. B. hirsutum is known from the Azores to the Faeroe Islands in water depth of 200 m to 1829 m and has been observed on bedrock in high current areas, with further information on this species very limited. The awarded fellowship will directly address providing further information on the morphology of Bhirsutum in collaboration with the Cambridge Museum of Zoology via Micro-CT scanning and reconstruction techniques. The fellowship will also involve the donation of Bhirsutum specimens from the MSM75 expedition to the extensive Cirripedia collection at the museum, which also houses the historical Darwin barnacle specimens.